塔吉克斯坦共和国国家统一与和平缔造者、民族领袖,总统埃莫马利·拉赫蒙在“反恐怖主义和暴力极端主义高级别国际会议”开幕式上的讲话

06.05.2018(11:55上午)

尊敬的联合国副秘书长,

尊敬的欧安组织秘书长!

尊敬的各代表团团长,

女士们,先生们,

 

首先,欢迎你们和你们带领的代表团来到塔吉克斯坦这片古老的土地。

今天活动将集中讨论当前最迫切的问题,即反恐怖主义和暴力极端主义。

我相信,今天的会议有助于全面讨论与本世纪瘟疫——恐怖主义和暴力极端主义有关的问题,并推动在这方面制定和实施共同协商的倡议和建议。

毫无疑问,保障各国和平稳定与持久的安全是国际和区域层面建立和推动可持续发展建设性进程的关键因素和重要的条件之一。

如今,世界各地数百万人面临着战争和冲突的危险,恐怖主义和极端主义现象正在成为前所未有的全球威胁,给世界带来悲剧性和长期性的社会,政治和道义后果。

近些年来,有100多个国家成为破坏性恐怖主义袭击的目标,造成数十万平民因恐怖袭击而死亡,数百万人离开家乡。 给这些国家造成的经济损失达数千亿美元。

去年仅在阿富汗,因战争和恐怖袭击导致一万多人受害,近四千人丧生。其中32%的死亡者和53%的受害者均为女性和儿童。

显然,在这种情况下,世界各国单独无法成功地应对日益加剧的安全威胁,确保地区和国家的和平与稳定。

因此,鉴于现实,为了确保全面安全,我们高度重视在区域和国际层面通过联合采取打击恐怖主义和极端主义的措加强合作与伙伴关系,从而作为摆脱当前危险局面的切实方法,消除其政治,军事和财政支持的因素。

在这个过程当中,我们认为,基于联合国及其相关机构的关键参与和协调,对日益增长的恐怖主义和极端主义威胁的应对措施应该具有全面性和深度性。

联合国全球反恐战略及其反恐公约,大会和安理会决议应成为共同打击恐怖主义和极端主义的基础。

不幸的是,我们正在看到世界战略竞争不断加剧,“冷战”的迹象清晰可见。

这种现实进一步削弱了国际社会应对全球挑战和威胁的共同努力,对世界秩序的根本基础和原则产生了不利影响。

因此,我想强调,塔吉克斯坦在打击恐怖主义,极端主义,激进主义以及其他时代威胁和挑战,如非法贩运毒品和武器,有组织的跨国犯罪和网络犯罪等领域,是世界所有国家,国际和区域国际组织的天然盟友。

面对当今错综复杂和充满矛盾的国际环境,我们必须合作,而不是相互竞争和争夺霸权。

为了在应对我们这个时代的威胁取得理想的结果,有必要在相互信任的基础上建立各国安全部门和执法机构的密切合作和协调。

因此,塔吉克斯坦作为联合国积极参与者,坚持不懈地有效应对威胁和挑战,并继续朝着这个方向开展建设性的活动。

我们认为,加强与国际伙伴的广泛合作是落实2016年至2020年国家反恐怖主义和极端主义战略目标以及其行动计划中12个专题领域的重要因素。

对此,塔吉克斯坦正在独立国家联合体,集体安全条约组织和上海合作组织等区域组织框架内与合作伙伴开展了有针对性的合作。

我们将继续努力落实这些机构关于确保和平与安全的目标。

应当着重指出,近年来,中亚各国之间的关系已经有了新的发展和扩大的趋势。

这一趋势,为中亚各国从质量上在安全领域开展有效的合作和协调创造良好机遇。

塔吉克斯坦欢迎中亚各国关系中的这一发展趋势,并愿意朝着这个方向加强和扩大与所有邻国的合作。

值得指出的是,与联合国,欧洲安全与合作组织,欧洲联盟和其他伙伴联合举办此次会议再次表明,塔吉克斯坦充分准备与各级在打击和预防威胁及安全挑战保持合作。

尊敬的来宾

自上个世纪90年代初以来,塔吉克斯坦共和国在国家主权建设的曙光降临之际,就已经成为了境外势力支持下的恐怖分子和极端分子实行破坏行为的目标地。

当时,国际恐怖主义和极端主义分子已经把我国转化为测试其致命力量和策划反人类阴谋的舞台。

然后,我们面临到和今天发生在伊拉克,叙利亚,也门和阿富汗的所发生的类似的悲惨事件。

当时我们面临到与今天在伊拉克,叙利亚,也门和阿富汗所有发生的悲惨事件。

这些破坏行为和他们背后煽动者真正的目标和计划,其根源是极端主义和恐怖主义思想,这包括——通过暴力和谋杀,向人们施加一种外来文化,用中世纪的思维观念在塔吉克斯坦创建一个伊斯兰主义国家。

由于内战,造成我国成千上万的人陷入混乱的局面,一百多万人流血,成为难民。

尽管如此,我们依靠富有的古老文化和文明,建立了广泛的对话平台,确保了国家和平,稳定和民族团结。

塔吉克人民对于守护国家统一,保护文化和文明价值的勇气和献身精神,以及对于和平与建设性进程的意志力,使得内外部恐怖和极端分子的行动在塔吉克斯坦共和国刚刚独立的时候得以结束。

基于我们的维和经验,加上通恐怖主义和极端主义的残酷斗争,我们坚决主张在国际公认的准则框架内采用和平的方式来解决现代矛盾和冲突。

尊敬的朋友们,

包括塔吉克斯坦在内的世界多国,在历史上都有过痛苦的经历,过去的经历证明在打击敌对势力和全球威胁的斗争中,只能通过合作和联合行动的方式才能取得理想成功。

不幸的是,到目前为止,国际社会对于恐怖主义和极端主义还没有统一的定义。

我们认为,有效打击恐怖主义,极端主义,暴力激进主义,绝对不能实施“双重标准”的政策。

反之,“双重标准”这样的做法将会增强不可预测和更为可怕的形式和方式的出现,扩大这些危险威胁的地理范围。

恐怖主义和极端主义,既不认可国家的边界,也不承认国家的存在。

因此,如今恐怖主义和极端主义团体与激进的宗教,民族主义和其他犯罪团体合并,引发敌对和暴力,宗教,教派之间的流血和冲突,甚至和文明产生对抗。

我们应该严密关切恐怖分子和极端分子的行为,他们打着伊斯兰教名义的幌子,拉起人们对于伊斯兰教的传播的仇视和煽动对穆斯林的仇恨。

这样,当前世界上一半以上的人口是伊斯兰教的追随者,他们在现代世界的发展中作出了显著的贡献,对他们的诽谤和亵渎可能会导致极为危险的后果。

因此,为了防止伊斯兰恐惧症,我们需要扩大和深化社会和文明之间的信任,宽容和相互理解,这样会增强我们应对现代威胁和挑战的能力。

对此,我曾多次指出,并想再次强调,恐怖分子和极端分子没有祖国,没有民族,没有宗教,也没有信仰。

恐怖分子就是恐怖分子,他永远不可能成为“自己人”或“外人”,“温和派”或“激进派”。

恐怖主义和极端主义的全球威胁,迫切需要对这两种概念制定和采用共同的和普遍接受的规范和方法。

 

尊敬的各位与会代表!

今天,在世界局势风云变幻的环境下,我们所处地区的安全局势和面临的安全威胁也与日俱增。

我们国家基于地理位置的原因,处于应对现代挑战和威胁的最前沿。

众所周知,确保中亚地区的和平和稳定与阿富汗的安全局势密不可分。

塔吉克斯坦作为与阿富汗有着1400公里边境线的邻邦,对其安全局势不能坐视不理。

我们在上世纪九十年代就曾在包括联合国在内的不同国际场合多次强调解决阿富汗安全问题的重要性。

遗憾的是,某些政治家在单独会谈时却表示,这不是他们该解决的问题,是我们地区的事情。

此外,某些政治家还认为,问题的原因是该地区不同种族居民间的不和谐关系。

然而,时间有力地证明了我们当初的预判。由于政治上的疏忽,当时的地区问题已经演变成了全球性的安全威胁。

直到纽约发生了骇人听闻的“9•11事件”,世界才被警醒,意识到这一问题的严峻性和迫切性。

但是,这一摧毁性的打击造成了全球性的创伤,想要预防它的发生已变得非常困难。

因为,当初阿富汗的塔利班组织只有来自15个国家的武装分子,而今天的所谓“伊斯兰国”以及另一些恐怖组织的参与者已经来自全球超过100个国家。

据现有数据统计,目前活动在伊拉克和叙利亚境内的恐怖组织武装人员已达10万人。经过一系列打击行动,这些恐怖组织受到了重创。

而随之也产生了另一个问题——剩余的武装分子去向何方,与哪些国家和组织有着何种联系?

令人担忧的是,他们中的一部分人已经或正在返回自己的祖国,并极有可能在那里成为各种危险的催化剂。

我们都曾经见证过这样的悲剧,即便人数不多的恐怖组织团伙都能够在数个欧洲国家实施恐怖袭击,造成人员伤亡和社会动荡。

需要指出的是,在针对叙利亚和伊拉克进行反恐行动之后,一些极端和恐怖团伙的成员转移到了阿富汗,使那里再度成为国际恐怖主义势力活跃的区域。

“伊斯兰国”、“基地组织”、“塔利班”等恐怖激进组织在阿富汗及塔吉克斯坦境内与阿富汗毗邻地区的活动越来越活跃,加之上述区域内的毒品贸易,令我国深感不安。

塔吉克斯坦支持国际社会在解决阿富汗问题过程中所做的努力。

我们认为在现有的各个对话和进程的框架下向阿富汗人民提供及时的援助是十分重要的,尤其是在其十年过渡阶段(2015-2024年)。

同时,我们认为,促进阿富汗的社会经济发展是维护其和平稳定的最有效手段。

因此,我们呼吁国际社会支持阿富汗重建,加大对其援助的力度,以改善其国内安全环境。

我想再次强调,仅靠武力手段是不可能战胜恐怖主义和极端主义的。

应当对滋生恐怖主义和极端主义的社会因素予以持续关注。

贫困、失业、教育水平低下、社会防御能力弱等因素促使该地区居民寻求以武力手段实现社会公正。

对此,发达国家应该在相关经济社会规划框架下对向有需要的国家予以更多经济、金融和技术支持给予更多的重视。

尊敬的各位来宾,

促进极端主义和恐怖主义发展的因素之一是恐怖组织应用现代信息技术,尤其是广泛使用互联网,从而宣传极端主义思想,招募新成员,培训并鼓励他们从事破坏性行动。

因此,加强国际和区域合作,特别彼此互换关于追踪类似网站的有效方法和做法的信息,从互联网删除这些网址,并在这方面相互协助是打击网络犯罪成功的重要要素。

非法贩运毒品作为恐怖主义和极端主义融资的主要来源之一,是世界上最紧迫的问题之一。

与其斗争要求国际社会通过各种方法和手段立马联合采取和实行措施。

加强协调并向处在毒品扩撒通道的国家提供协助是一项重要的任务和时代要求。

塔吉克斯坦深知这一全球性威胁,长期以来一直致力于打击贩毒活动。

自1994年以来,塔吉克斯坦执法和军事机构没收了超过120吨的麻醉品。

塔吉克斯坦共和国制定并通过了一项具有预防性特征的“国家禁毒战略”,其中涵盖双边,区域和多边合作领域及行动计划。

考虑到毒品贩卖与恐怖主义,极端主义和激进主义有着密切的关系,该战略同样旨在消除社会上这种现象出现的因素。

尊敬的各代表团团长!

各位与会人员!

在阐述自己观点的结尾,我想再次欢迎你们到访塔吉克斯坦,并祝福你们在今后的工作中取得成功!

我祝愿今天参加本次论坛的与会者在讨论和审议相关主题的过程中取得顺利。

我深信,今天会议的成果将有助于进一步发展共同打击恐怖主义和极端主义领域的合作,这旨在建立一个没有这些破坏性现象的世界并在未来展开新的合作。

Statement of the Founder of Peace and National Unity – Leader of the Nation, President of the Republic of Tajikistan H.E. Mr. Emomali Rahmon at the High-level International Conference on “Countering Terrorism and Preventing Violent Extremism”

Distinguished UN Under-Secretary General,
Distinguished OSCE Secretary General,
Dear Heads of Delegation,
Ladies and Gentlemen,

At the outset, I would like to welcome you and your delegations to the ancient Tajikistan.

This event today will focus on a topical issue of the current time being, which is countering terrorism and violent extremism.

I believe that this forum will make it possible to comprehensively discuss the issues related to countering this cholera of the century and develop and implement joint and coordinated initiatives and recommendations.

It is obvious that peace and stability and sustained security of countries is among our key objectives and the most important criterion for launching and maintaining creative processes for the sustainable development at the international and regional levels.

Currently, millions of people throughout the world have been subject to risks and threats of wars and conflicts, terrorism and extremism have turned into an unprecedented global threat causing tragic and long-term public, political, and moral consequences.

During the recent years, more than 100 countries of the world became the target of devastating terrorist attacks, which killed hundreds of thousands of peaceful people and millions of people left their residents, places and areas in the aftermath. The economic loss caused to countries amounted to hundreds of billion dollars.

Only in Afghanistan, last year the aftermath of terrorist attacks damaged more than 10 000 and killed more than 4 000 peaceful people. Sadly, 32% of fatalities and 53% of wounded people were women and children. It is obvious that in such a situation, countries of the world cannot succeed in countering the growing peace and security threats and challenges, and ensure peace and stability individually. Therefore, given the existing reality, we need to acknowledge the enhancement of regional and global cooperation and partnership for ensuring inclusive stability and security by undertaking joint initiatives on countering terrorism and extremism and elimination of political military and financial support factors, as a practical tool for release from these dangerous phenomena.

In this process, we think we need to be clear and comprehensive in our reaction to growingly increasing threats of terrorism and extremism by ensuring the key role of the United Nations and its relevant agencies as the coordinating institution.

The UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy and its antiterrorist conventions, the UN Security Council and the UN General Assembly resolutions should be the base of our joint counteraction to terrorism and extremism.

Sadly, today we witness that the strategic standoff has intensified in the world and we clearly notice the signs of secondary expansion of the cold war. This situation undermines the efforts of the international community to counter the global threats and challenges and negatively impacts the fundamental principles of the world order and system.

With this regard, I would like to emphasize that Tajikistan is the national partner of all countries of the world and international and regional organizations in countering terrorism, extremism and  radicalization and other threats and challenges of the time being, like illicit drugs and arm trafficking, organized transnational crimes and cyber crime.

In the current complicated situation full of contradictions, we need to operate rather than competing and attempting to dominate.

We need to foster cooperation based on trust, solidarity and close coordination between the security and law-enforcement agencies to achieve the expected outcomes in countering the threatening phenomena of the time being.

With this regard, our country continuously makes efforts to ensure effective joint fight against threats and risks of the present time as an active UN member state and will continue making efforts to expand  its constructive activities in this area  in the future.

Strengthening wider cooperation with international partners is an important factor for us in implementation of the objectives reflected in our National Counter-Terrorism and Extremism Strategy (2016-2020) and its Action Plan with 12 thematic pillars. In this context, Tajikistan established targeted cooperation with its partners within the regional institutions, like the Commonwealth of Independent States, Collective Security Treaty Organization and Shanghai Cooperation Organization. We will continue our efforts to implement these institutions’ objectives in ensuring peace and security.

It is worthwhile noting about the upgraded and  expanded cooperation between the Central Asian countries during the recent years in general.  In its turn, this made it possible to ensure improved quality cooperation and coordination between the security agencies of our countries. Tajikistan welcomes this process of the development of relations between the countries of Central Asia and is committed to strengthen and  expand its cooperation with all neighboring countries.

I have to note that arranging this Conference jointly with the United Nations, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, European Union and other partners proves the commitment of Tajikistan for cooperation on countering and prevention of security threats and challenges at all levels.

Distinguished Participants!

Tajikistan became the target of destructive actions by terrorists and extremists with the support of its so called foreign supporters at the early 90s of the 20th century – as early as at the beginning of establishment of sovereign state. At that time international terrorist and extremist organizations transformed our country into the field of test of their deadly power and the target of their antihuman objectives. At that period Tajikistan faced all tragic events taking place in Iraq, Syria, Yemen and Afghanistan currently.

The off-screen sordid motives of the original initiators of those devastating actions and their sponsors, which originated from extremism and terrorism ideas, was to impose a strange culture and medieval thinking on our people via force and murder and create an Islamic state in Tajikistan. In the aftermath of the imposed chaos and civil war hundreds of thousands of our citizens were killed and more than one million of peaceful people lost their residences and became refugees.

However, thanks to our long-standing civilization and  culture we managed to arrange a wide dialogue and ensure national peace and unity. The dedication and courage of the Tajik nation in protection of its borders, ancient cultural and civilization values, its strong will for peace and creative and constructive activities made it possible to prevent the actions of internal and foreign terrorists and extremists in our newly independent country. Building upon our peace-building experience, alongside with severe counteraction to terrorism and extremism we strongly support the peaceful resolution of the current disputes and conflicts within the framework of norms acknowledged by the international community.

Distinguished Friends!

The history and harrowing experience of many countries, including Tajikistan witnessed that only cooperation and joint actions will make it possible to win in the fight against evil forces and global threats. However, sadly so far the International community has not unanimous position on definitions of terrorism and extremism.

In my opinion, the double standards policy is not acceptable for effective countering terrorism and violent extremism and radicalization at all. In contrary, such a positioning leads to further geographic expansion of the unpredictable ways and forms of these dangerous threats, because terrorism and extremism neither acknowledge border nor they do state.

This is the reason, currently the terrorist and extremist groups unite with radicalized religious and nationalist organizations and other criminal bodies and commit violence, murders, religious, race-based conflicts and even conflict of civilizations in various parts of the world.

In this context, we are also clearly concerned that the terrorists and extremists misuse the sacred Islam to disseminate their Islamophobic ideas and promote hatred of Muslims.

This way of discretization of Islam with more than 1.5 bn followers throughout the world decently contributing to the development of civilized world, may cause dangerous aftermath.

Accordingly, to prevent Islamophobia, we need to expand the environment of trust, tolerance and mutual understanding between the societies and civilizations, which in its turn will increase our possibilities for countering the current threats and challenges.

With this regard, I have emphasized many times and I would like to reiterate that the terrorists and extremists do not have any motherland, nation and religion.

The terrorist is terrorist and s/he cannot be insider or outsider, or tolerant and radicalized.

The global nature of the terrorism and extremism threat seriously requires us to have identical position and define and adopt unified definitions of these two terms.

Ladies and Gentlemen!

Currently due to insecure situation in various parts of the world the security threat to our region is also growing. Our country, due to its geographical location, is in the frontline of countering the current threats and challenges. Everybody knows that peace and stability in Central Asia directly depends on the security situation in Afghanistan.

Tajikistan with its long border with Afghanistan (more than 1400km), cannot be indifferent with regard to the current situation in this friendly neighboring country, including in its northern parts.

We still in the 90s of the last century emphasized the need for immediate solution to the challenges faced by our neighboring Afghanistan many times via the platform of international and regional organizations, including the United Nations.

Unfortunately, during specific discussions some high-ranking politicians used to say that it was our and the region’s challenge, but not theirs. In addition, they thought that the causes of this challenge were the unfair competition between the ethnical groups and tribes in the region. However, the time showed that all of our warnings were true and it is the political indifference, due to which the then challenges transformed into the global threats and challenges. Only after the horrifying 9/11 terrorist attack in New York the countries of the world understood the seriousness of the issue and focused on it. However, it is already difficult to prevent this unpleasant phenomenon, which already became a global case.

This statement can be proved by the fact that if previously representatives of almost 15 countries served as warriors for Taliban, now citizens of more than 100 countries joined and fight for the ISIS and other terrorist groups. According to the available information the number of warriors of the terrorist groups deployed in Iraq and Syria reached almost 100 000 and a part of them were killed within antiterrorist operations.

In this regard, a question comes to mind that where the rest of those warriors is and which countries and organizations they are in touch with? We are concerned that a part of them already returned to their countries or are on their way back home and they can cause threat in their own countries.

We already witnessed that even small terrorist groups managed to commit terrorist attacks in a number of European countries and caused death of people and instability.

I have to emphasize that after the antiterrorist operations in Syria and Iraq members of individual extremist and terrorist groups came to Afghanistan and transformed this country into the field of international terrorism war.  We are seriously concerned with the expansion of operations of the terrorist and radicalized groups such as the ISIS, Al-Qaeda, Taliban and other unions in addition to the illicit drug smuggling in this country, including in its areas bordering with Tajikistan.

Tajikistan supports the international community’s efforts on comprehensive solution to the Afghan case. We believe it is very important to provide timely assistance to the people of Afghanistan particularly in its decade of transition (2015-2024) within all possible dialogues and interventions. We think that support to socio-economic development of Afghanistan is one of the effective ways for revival of peace and stability in this country. Therefore, we would like to call on the international community to increase their hands-on assistance to support Afghanistan in this process and thereby improve the security situation in this country.

In this regard, I would like to emphasize once again that it is impossible to win the terrorism and extremism through military actions only. In this process, we believe it is very important to constantly focus on the social aspects of the growth of this phenomenon.

Poverty, unemployment, low level of literacy and social protection of population are among the factors urging people to go into violent ideas to seek for social justice. Accordingly, it is the requirement of the time-being that the advanced economies of the world need to pay more attention to support the needy countries in terms of necessary economic, financial and technological support within socio-economic programs.

Dear Guests!

One of the causes of extremism and terrorism expansion is the wide application of the latest information technologies by terrorist organizations, particularly the use of internet for promotion of extremist ideas, recruitment of new members and preparation for and management of their devastating acts. Therefore, strengthening of international and regional cooperation, including exchange in information about the effective ways and forms of tracking these websites, excluding them from internet and providing mutual support in this area is an important criterion of success in the fight against cybercrime.

Illicit drug trafficking, which is one of the main sources of terrorism and extremism funding, is among the global challenges. Fight against this phenomenon by the international community urges to undertake immediate measures and joint interventions with the use of all possible ways and tools. Improved coordination and support to the countries in the front line of counteraction to drug trafficking is the requirement of the present time.

Tajikistan, having understood this global threat, has been making significant efforts to counter the illicit drug smuggling for many years. Since 1994 our law enforcement and military agencies confiscated more than 120 tons of narcotics.

Tajikistan drafted and adopted its National Counter Narcotics Strategy, which is a preventive document and includes an action program covering bilateral, regional and multilateral cooperation. This Paper, bearing in mind the close connection between the illicit drug trafficking and the terrorism, extremism and radicalization, aims to eliminate the causes of this phenomenon in the society.

Distinguished Heads of Delegation,

Ladies and Gentlemen,

At the conclusion I would like to once again welcome you to Tajikistan and wish you enjoy your stay in our country.

May I also wish good luck to participants of the forum today good luck in their discussions and deliberations.

I believe that the outcomes of this Conference will make it possible to expand our cooperation in the field of joint counteraction to terrorism and extremism and ensure a world free of dangerous phenomena of the century.

Thank you for your attention.